Fringing is approx 8cm in length and not included in lampshade height measurement
For a lamp the ring fitting in the centre of the lampshade sits approx 60mm up from the bottom of the shade (excluding fringe) OR for a ceiling pendant lampshade the ring fitting sits approx 40mm down from the top of the shade.
The ring fitting sits approx 40mm inside the shade
All my handmade shades are lined with a professional flame retardant PVC
Suitable for both standard UK and EURO size light bulb fitting.
Low energy bulb is recommended.
*** PLEASE NOTE DUE TO THE LAYERS OF MATERIAL USED TO CREATE THIS SHADE THE LINING DOES NOT ALLOW THE LIGHT TO PENETRATE THROUGH THE SIDES THEREFORE THE LIGHT IS DIRECTIONAL GIVING A WARM GLOW TOP AND BOTTOM. THE LARGER THE SHADE THE MORE LIGHT YOU WILL HAVE***